A Google search yields more than a hundred graphical interpretations of SAMR, some as simple as Dr. Puentedura’s original concept depicted above to those that appear overwhelmingly complicated. There are models combining SAMR with TPACK, TPAC with Bloom’s Taxonomy and here’s one combining SAMR with Bloom’s Taxonomy and iPad apps.
Many of these expanded models lend guidance regarding why integration is essential and provide broad nebulous outcome expectations: critical thinking; communications; collaboration; 21st Century skills; problem solving; systems thinking; creativity; innovation; literacy in a multitude of subjects; analyzing, etc. Is it possible that integrating technology is so complex as to defy a logical procedure? Maybe, but I’d like to give it a shot.
The process described below assumes adequate to superior teacher pedagogical, content, technological, student and curricular knowledge; that the teacher is ready to cross from Enhancement to Transformation; the availability of sufficient hardware, software and technical support staff to support a robust integration program; and that the teacher possesses the abilities to convert knowledge into practice and a desire that students achieve to an identified standard. Could it be that achieving a state as describe by the assumptions is complex and not the process?
- Is there a need, a shortcoming that needs to be addressed? Examples might include students aren’t getting it, students are bored, discussions wane quickly or are captured by a select few or changes in policies or curriculum.
- Review learning goals and activities in consideration of the available technologies (if class is in session, this is a good student collaborative exercise) relating the advantages and disadvantages of each technology to each of the learning goals and activities. Scaling works well for this analysis. Identify any cross-curricular opportunities. The results of this analysis will facilitate the designing or redesigning of course and lesson instructional strategies.
- Prepare the classroom: hardware, software, classroom furniture and arrangement.
- Execute and continually evaluate and revise. Adjustments may be needed in any one or more of the ingredients: pedagogy, learning goals or technology. Beware the Hawthorne effect. Oft times initially the subjects perceive increased attention being paid to them thus producing a significant (maybe unrealistic) enhancement to transformation of performance. Persistent and consistent use will yield real long-term student and teacher change.